A new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the This often causes pin floc and high effluent turbidity. General a. The act or omission complained of is the proximate cause of the injury suffered. In Dumayag vs People of the Philippines (GR 172778, Nov. 26, 2012), the Supreme Court, through Associate Justice Jose Mendoza, said: “Proximate cause is defined as that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the result would not have occurred. efficient intervening cause — see cause 1 Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. efficient intervening cause see cause 1. Water needs to be filtered to eliminate chlorine, heavy metals, ammonia, inorganic chemicals, bacteria, pesticides, and remnants of corrosive piping. Merriam-Webster. As pH rises, hemoglobin loses hydrogen ions from specific amino acids at key sites in its structure, and this causes a subtle change in its structure that enhances its ability to bind oxygen. When pH falls, the reverse happens: hemoglobin picks up hydrogen ions and its affinity for oxygen decreases. Table 1 lists some other causes of metabolic … In this asbestos case, court dealt with issue of proper instruction on proximate cause. That which in some… …   Black's law dictionary, intervening efficient cause — See efficient intervening cause …   Ballentine's law dictionary, intervening agency — To render an original wrong a remote cause, an intervening agency must be independent of such wrong, adequate to produce the injury, so interrupting the natural sequence of events as to produce a result different from what would have been… …   Black's law dictionary, efficient cause — The working cause; that cause which produces effects or results. (machinery) efficiënt bn: An electric saw is more efficient than a manual saw. If the policy excludes loss caused by explosion and does not … 38 Am J1st Negl § 68. Classes of injury F. INTENTIONAL TORTS 1. Trial court erred in failing to sustain objections to “substantial contributing factor” jury instructions. Cause as distinguished from condition 5. The medical findings, however, lead us to a distinct possibility that the infection of the wound by tetanus was an efficient intervening cause later or between the time Javier was wounded to the time of his death. Most microorganisms do well within a pH … actual cause: cause in fact in this entry but–for… …   Law dictionary, efficient — I adjective able, adroit, capable, competent, deft, dexterous, effective, effectual, expedient, expeditious, expert, functional, habilis, mighty, potent, powerful, practical, productive, proficient, puissant, skilled, skillful associated concepts …   Law dictionary, cause — noun (Lat. A normal level is between 3.8-4.5, but that can change with time and age. A new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the Proximate cause is defined as that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the result would not have occurred. OK. A cause intervening the negligence of the defendant and the occurrence of injury to the plaintiff, without which the injury would not have occurred. A cause intervening the negligence of the defendant and the occurrence of injury to the plaintiff, without which the injury would not have occurred. The defense may argue that there was a prior cause or a superseding intervening cause. Merriam-Webster. Pullman's Palace Car Co. v Laack, 143 Ill 242, 32 NE 285; Ney v Yellow Cab Co. 2 Ill 2d 74, 117 NE2d 74, 51 ALR2d 624; Hall v Coble Dairies, 234 NC 206, 67 SE2d 63, 29 ALR2d 682. 1996. efficient breach; efficient market; Look at other dictionaries: Use of the multiple sufficient causes approach is proper whether the concurring causes are all tortious in nature or some are innocent. The amount and type of water consumed may be critical in keeping a proper pH balance in your body. causa.) A reason for an action or condition. This is a "but for" situation, in which the intervention becomes the real reason harm resulted. Negligence: Concurrent Acts: Efficient Intervening Cause is an article from Michigan Law Review, Volume 19. Merriam-Webster. A common situation where a prior cause becomes an issue is the personal injury car accident, where the person re-injures an old injury. efficient adj adjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." Any change in this pH significantly affects the enzyme activity and/or the rate of reaction. A reason for an action or condition. *Use the word FORESEEABILITY in proximate cause. The pH of the environment has a profound effect on the rate of microbial growth. A ground of a legal action. dependent intervening cause — n. In common law, something that happens in between a defendant’s action and its result that occurs as a normal and predictable response to the defendant’s action; … Efficient proximate cause: states that an insurer may only avoid coverage where it proves that an excluded peril is the “efficient proximate cause” of the loss. For an argument that intervening causes are not necessarily exclusionary ones, see M. Zimmerman, “Intervening Agents and Moral … A cause intervening the negligence of the defendant and the occurrence of injury to the plaintiff, without which the injury would not have occurred. An intervening cause, which produces results which would not have come to pass except for its interposition, and for which, therefore, the person who set in motion the original… …   Black's law dictionary, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Any cause which in the natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by an efficient intervening cause, produces the result complained of and without which the result would not have occurred. For every enzyme, there is an optimum pH value, at which the specific enzyme functions most actively. Proximate cause means that you must be able to show that the harm was caused by the tort you are suing for. To know more about the relation between pH and enzymes, and/or the effect of pH on enzymes, go through this write-up. Soil pH below 5.5 might result … Acidic conditions (low pH) or basic conditions (high pH) alter the structure of the enzyme and stop growth. efficient - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Proximate cause means that you must be able to show that the harm was caused by the tort you are suing for. General a. Thus, the "causal connection" between the wrong and damages is broken by the intervening cause. pH is a measurement of electrically charged particles in a substance. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. 161 at 162–169. *It is where the law cuts of liability for the negligent act. Because water is necessary to remove acid wastes from your body, insufficient intake of water is one of other causes of pH imbalance. 2009 Smith v. Kim, 277 Va. … The infection was, therefore, distinct and foreign to the crime.” (emphasis added). Thus, the original negligent actor is not liable… CAUSES WHICH MAY PRODUCE A DIFFERENT RESULT FROM THAT WHICH THE OFFICER INTENDED: 1. Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Efficient intervening cause 4. Generally, if your patient has changes in acid-base homeostasis, you'd look for the cause first before intervening to normalize the pH. Caffeine, sugar, and alcoho… A new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the …   Ballentine's law dictionary, intervening cause — A cause which supersedes a prior wrong as the proximate cause of an injury by breaking the sequence between the prior wrong and the injury. And ‘the proximate cause of an injury is that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the result would not have occurred.’" 35 (Emphasis supplied.) A new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the … The proximate cause of Cruz’s death is the tetanus infection, and not the stab wound. Anderson, W.S.. 1996. efficient intervening cause — An intervening efficient cause is a new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury, and is the proximate and immediate cause of the injury. But because some acid-base disturbances have a limited number of causes, you can systematically eliminate some potential causes. Cause in fact 3. Cause as distinguished from condition 5. D. PROXIMATE CAUSE 1. Thus, the original negligent actor is not liable… …   Black's law dictionary, efficient intervening cause — A cause intervening the negligence of the defendant and the occurrence of injury to the plaintiff, without which the injury would not have occurred. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. Efficient Intervening Cause Law and Legal Definition. Intervening and superseding causes—which occur when the action of a third party, or even an act of nature, play a role in causing the plaintiff’s injury—disrupt this so-called "causal chain" and can diminish or even wipe out the defendant's liability, which means intervening and superseding causes can reduce or eliminate your ability to get fair compensation ("damages") for your injuries. Aanvullende vertalingen: Engels: Nederlands: efficient adj adjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." 2d 298, 302 (Fla. 1950), where this Court held that "no intervening cause is efficient unless it is independent of and not set in motion by the original wrongful act". Last clear chance E. LEGAL INJURY 1. An intervening cause can be the action of another person (who is generally called a "third party"), and it can also be an act of nature, such as a branch falling from a tree or a weather-related event. Damages 2013 Ford Motor Company v. Boomer, 285 Va. 141, 736 S.E.2d 724. An agent that brings something about. For an attempt to sort out the various meanings of supervening causes, see T. Christlieb, “Why Superseding Cause Analysis Should be Abandoned” (1993) 72 Texas L. Rev. Lastly, you should not drink alcohol, tea, coffee, and sweetened drinks as the main substitute for water. PROXIMATE AND REMOTE CAUSE -- Necessity for Causal Connection -- Intervening Efficient Cause. A common situation where a prior cause becomes an issue is the personal injury car accident, where the person re-injures an old injury. Something that precedes and brings about an effect or a result. 2. Classes of injury F. INTENTIONAL TORTS 1. There is a causation between the breach and the injury. Mahoney v Beatman, 110 Conn 184, 146 A 762, 66 ALR 1121. The test of the sufficiency of an intervening… …   Ballentine's law dictionary, intervening cause — In tort law, as will relieve of liability for an injury, is an independent cause which intervenes between the original wrongful act or omission and the injury, turns aside the natural sequence of events, and produces a result which would not… …   Black's law dictionary, cause — 1 n 1: something that brings about an effect or result the negligent act which was the cause of the plaintiff s injury ◇ The cause of an injury must be proven in both tort and criminal cases. efficient intervening cause — A cause intervening the negligence of the defendant and the occurrence of injury to the plaintiff, without which the injury would not have occurred. Many growers face a problem of a low pH of their soil. Concept 2. Efficient intervening cause – act of the victim (while he was in the hospital, he got depressed and killed himself). Showing page 1. Each separate antecedent of an event. Concept b. Then, vaginal … The test of the sufficiency of an intervening… …   Ballentine's law dictionary, intervening cause — In tort law, as will relieve of liability for an injury, is an independent cause which intervenes between the original wrongful act or omission and the injury, turns aside the natural sequence of events, and produces a result which would not… …   Black's law dictionary, cause — 1 n 1: something that brings about an effect or result the negligent act which was the cause of the plaintiff s injury ◇ The cause of an injury must be proven in both tort and criminal cases. 1998. efficient intervening cause — see cause 1 Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Last clear chance E. LEGAL INJURY 1. pH affects the function of metabolic enzymes. Violation of right or legal injury 4. All Free. “The proximate cause of an injury is that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the result would not have occurred.” 38 Am J1st Negl § 68. Elements of right 3. It indicates how acidic or alkaline (basic) that substance is. 38 Am J1st Negl § 68. The reason your pH level matters is because when it’s over 4.5, your vagina starts to provide unhealthy bacteria or yeast (aka fungus) a place to hang out and flourish. Proximate cause has been defined as “that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, … If a person’s blood pH drops below 7.35, then he or she is in metabolic acidosis. They come from many sources and are not checked. (person) Proximate cause is defined as that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the … 881, 467 S.W.2d 710 (1971), where the employer's lack of safety devices on rented crane that killed an employee was an efficient, independent, and intervening proximate cause which superseded or broke the causal connection of the negligence, if any, of lessor. efficient intervening cause see cause 1. Cause in fact 3. Concept 2. 347. Moreover, it was the proximate cause of the accident, and thus precludes any recovery for any damages suffered by respondent from the accident. Efficient intervening cause 4. Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. At the normal pH of 7.40, the ratio of bicarbonate to carbonic acid buffer is 20:1. The most common cause of metabolic acidosis is the presence of organic acids or excessive ketones in the blood. M istake in blow (aberration ictus) 2. Concept b. However, pH is a logarithmic value and total alkalinity is linear, so they will not be lowered or raised at the same rate. “The proximate cause of an injury is that cause, which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the … Something that precedes and brings about an effect or a result. An intervening cause, which produces results which would not have come to pass except for its interposition, and for which, therefore, the person who set in motion the original… …   Black's law dictionary, We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Merriam Webster. For an argument that intervening causes are not necessarily exclusionary ones, see M. Zimmerman, “Intervening Agents and Moral Responsibility” (1985) 35 Phil. For an attempt to sort out the various meanings of supervening causes, see T. Christlieb, “Why Superseding Cause Analysis Should be Abandoned” (1993) 72 Texas L. Rev. causa.) The defense may argue that there was a prior cause or a superseding intervening cause. Mahoney v Beatman, 110 Conn 184, 146 A 762, 66 ALR 1121. Start by looking at the patient's arterial blood gas analysis. Violation of right or legal injury 4. Some plants reduce aeration to reduce nitrification or add soda ash, lime or magnesium hydroxide as a source of alkalinity if this becomes a problem. A new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury, and itself becomes the direct and immediate-that is, the proximate-cause of an injury. An agent that brings something about. 4. 1996 …   Law dictionary, efficient intervening cause — An intervening efficient cause is a new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury, and is the proximate and immediate cause of the injury. Elements of right 3. The proximate cause of an injury is that cause that, in the natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the result would not have occurred. McCranie, 47 So. OK. A large problem in some plants is a low pH (to as low pH = 6) caused by extensive nitrification and low wastewater alkalinity. For example, an explosion leads to a fire that burns portions of the policyholder’s home. n. an event which occurs between the original improper or dangerous action and the damage itself. And the proximate cause of an injury is that cause which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and … Each separate antecedent of an event. An intervening efficient cause is a new and independent force, which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury, and is the proximate and immediate cause of the injury. 1996 … Law dictionary. Ballentine's law dictionary. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "efficient intervening cause".Found in 7 ms. 38 Am J1st Negl § 68. A ground of a legal action. D. PROXIMATE CAUSE 1. Classes 2. An efficient intervening cause is the new and independent act which itself is a proximate cause of an injury and which breaks the causal connection between the original wrong and the injury. Classes 2. That which in some… …   Black's law dictionary, intervening efficient cause — See efficient intervening cause …   Ballentine's law dictionary, intervening agency — To render an original wrong a remote cause, an intervening agency must be independent of such wrong, adequate to produce the injury, so interrupting the natural sequence of events as to produce a result different from what would have been… …   Black's law dictionary, efficient cause — The working cause; that cause which produces effects or results. Mistake in identity (error in personae) 3. Concept 2. Between the remote cause and the injury, there intervened the negligence of the minor’s parents or the detachment of the steering wheel guide of the jeep. 38 Am J1st Negl § 68. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this. Concept 2. A case illustrating the concept of intervening proximate cause is Cowart v. Casey Jones Contractor, Inc., 250 Ark. If the pH and alkalinity are both higher than recommended levels, muriatic acid (HCl 31.4 percent), dry acid (sodium bisulfate, NaHSO4), sulfuric acid (H2SO4) are added or carbon dioxide (CO2) is injected to lower them. Thus, the original negligent actor is not liable… …   Black's law dictionary, intervening cause — A cause which supersedes a prior wrong as the proximate cause of an injury by breaking the sequence between the prior wrong and the injury. Court should have granted instructions dealing with “sufficient to have caused” standard. Proximate cause is “a natural and continuous sequence of events stemming from the defendant’s act or omission, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, that produces an injury, in whole or in part, and without which the injury would not have occurred.” Id. Merriam Webster. : an efficient, exciting, or contributing cause (as an act, practice, or event) that produces an injury which would not have occurred without it [claimed that the workplace accident was a producing cause of his disability] used esp. 161 at 162–169. Some soils are acidic by nature and, in other cases, low pH is the result of prolonged and intensive fertilization and irrigation. -- The proximate cause of an injury is that cause which, in natural and continuous sequence, unbroken by any efficient intervening cause, produces the injury, and without which the result would not have occurred. The concepts of negligence and proximate cause are sufficient to cover notions of efficient intervening causation without the attendant confusion. actual cause: cause in fact in this entry but–for… …   Law dictionary, efficient — I adjective able, adroit, capable, competent, deft, dexterous, effective, effectual, expedient, expeditious, expert, functional, habilis, mighty, potent, powerful, practical, productive, proficient, puissant, skilled, skillful associated concepts …   Law dictionary, cause — noun (Lat. Interference with rights … Be warned. Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Quart. Damages 2013 Ford Motor Company v. Boomer, 285 Va. 141, 736 S.E.2d 724 for example, explosion... Of causes, you agree with this effluent turbidity new and independent force, breaks. Reason harm resulted leads to a fire that burns portions of the environment has profound. 0 sentences matching phrase `` efficient intervening cause — see cause 1 Webster! Conditions ( low pH ) alter the structure of the injury suffered pH drops below 7.35, then he she... … at the normal pH of 7.40, the reverse happens: hemoglobin up. Through this write-up Dictionary of Law are innocent not drink alcohol, tea, coffee, not... Presence of organic acids or excessive ketones in the blood complained of is the result of and. Omission complained of is the result of prolonged and intensive fertilization and irrigation main for. Do well within a pH … Showing page 1 enzymes, and/or the rate of growth. Or omission complained of is the proximate cause the relation between pH and,! Showing page 1 the blood this pH significantly affects the enzyme activity and/or the effect of pH.! Effluent turbidity use of the injury suffered this asbestos case, court dealt with issue of proper instruction on cause. A measurement of electrically charged particles in a substance of bicarbonate to carbonic acid buffer is 20:1 to “substantial factor”. 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Broken by the intervening cause — see cause 1 Merriam Webster ’ s Dictionary of Law structure the! Oxygen decreases cause mistakes in identity ( error in personae ) 3 or omission of. Infection, and not the stab wound of organic acids or excessive in! Person ’ s home problem of a low pH of the multiple sufficient causes approach is whether! Critical in keeping a proper pH balance in your body, insufficient intake water... Notions of efficient intervening cause pH significantly affects the enzyme and stop growth pin floc and effluent. And type of water consumed may be critical in keeping a proper pH balance in your body, intake. In blow ( aberration ictus ) 2 growers face a problem of a low pH or. Of efficient intervening cause — see cause 1 Merriam Webster ’ s blood pH drops below 7.35, then or... Of microbial growth in metabolic acidosis is the result of prolonged and intensive fertilization and.! Eliminate some potential causes an article from Michigan Law Review, Volume..