energy conversion factors

primary energy factor (PEF) for electricity, in the context of the Energy Effi-ciency Directive 27/2012/EU. Monthly and yearly energy forecasts, analysis of energy topics, financial analysis, congressional reports. Energy can be divided into quantity and quality terms. 60 Approximate conversion factors 60 Definitions 61 More information BP Statistical Review of World Energy has provided high-quality objective and globally consistent data on world energy markets. If you came here and simply wanted to do metric conversions for common units of measurement such as a length conversion then please use the “unit conversion” (common) where you will also find area ,volume , temperature, pressure , speed , force, energy and an extensive weight converter Some of these energy converters are quite simple. Spectral distribution and its variation with the degree of cloudiness and the time of the day is one problem; in addition, the relative fractions of UV, visible, and NIR light also vary with meteorological conditions. Featured partner journal. Hartrees eV kJ/mol kcal/mol cm-1 V for 1e-transfer K (equivalent temperature) Boltzmann population ratio at 298.15K GHz nm-1. 1 mile (mi) = 1.609 km. Definition: Energy conversion factors are specific coefficients used to determine equivalence between units of mass and volume, energy and work and power; conversion factors are also used to convert quantities of energy production and consumption from their original physical units into a … Information from the World Energy homepage [www.worldenergy.org] >> Basic Energy Units >> WEC Standard Energy Units >> Volumetric Equivalents >> Electricity >> Representative Average Conversion Factors. Forms EIA uses to collect energy data including descriptions, links to survey instructions, and additional information. Conversion factors can be tailored to be based on the policy of the company. A precise energy conversion factor is required to define the impact of greenhouse gas emissions by gasoline-powered vehicles and policies that will guide the application of future eco-innovations. Find out more. What makes comparing different energy forms and energy gains somewhat challenging, is the wide variety of different units of measurement. For example, 5.25E-03 is the same as 0.00525. AddThis use cookies for handling links to social media. Subscribe to feeds for updates on EIA products including Today in Energy and What's New. If you want to promote your products or services in the Engineering ToolBox - please use Google Adwords. Energy consumption can be expressed as total final consumption (TFC) or total primary energy requirement (TPER). Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Conversion Factors Pressure 1 bar = 0.1 megaPascal (MPa) = 14.5 lbf/square inch (PSI) 5,000 psi = 345 bars = 34.5 MPa 10,000 psi = 689 bar = 68.9 MPa Volume Conversion factors - introductory guide (pdf) Resource Download Form. 210 U. S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2020 British Thermal Unit Conversion Factors The thermal conversion factors presented in the following tables can be used to estimate the heat content in British thermal units (Btu) of a given amount of energy measured in physical units, such as barrels or cubic feet. A negative number after the E means the decimal should be moved a certain number of places to the left. Energy Conversion and Management: X View partner journal. This overview describes the most important units of energy and their conversion factors. Conversion factors A conversion factor is used to change the units of a measured quantity without changing its value. Energy Conversion Factors . 1 megawatthour = 1000 kilowatthours 7 U.S. estimate. Lesson plans, science fair experiments, field trips, teacher guide, and career corner. Scientific notation is a short-hand way of writing a number that has a lot of digits. Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your Sketchup model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro .Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the SketchUp Pro Sketchup Extension Warehouse! To benefit from all its advantages, Énergir offers various programs and financial support to help you improve efficiency. 1 barrels oil equivalent (bbl) = 5.74 10 9 J. Published 1 May 2013 Last updated 9 … Platts Conversion Base Rates guide identifies the base rate values used energy, mass and volume conversions used throughout Platts assessment processes and published content. Come test out some of the products still in development and let us know what you think! These topics typically involve various types of energy such as mechanical, thermal, nuclear, chemical, electromagnetic, magnetic and electric. Approximate conversion factors – Statistical Review of World Energy Page | 3 Calorific equivalents One tonne of oil equivalent equals approximately Heat units 10 million kilocalories 42 gigajoules 40 million Btu Solid fuels 1.5 tonnes of hard coal 3 tonnes of lignite and sub–bituminous coal This overview describes the most important units of energy and their conversion factors. View aims and scope. Reserves, production, prices, employment and productivity, distribution, stocks, imports and exports. Next page of energy equivalents. Ethanol: 21.4 MJ/l Biodiesel: 32.7 MJ/l HVO: 34.4 MJ/l Petrol: 36 MJ/l Diesel: 41 MJ/l. The first phase seeks to provide a structure to the decision process by defining the different calculation options and deriving adequate evaluation criteria. Energy Conversion and Management Impact Factor, IF, number of article, detailed information and journal factor. Reports requested by congress or otherwise deemed important. Energy Content (MJ/Unit) Units / GJ : Natural Gas . Sign up for email subcriptions to receive messages about specific EIA products. The current energy conversion factor adopted by many countries is based on the Willans line approach, initially proposed in 1888 for steam engines, later adapted for internal combustion engines. Maps by energy source and topic, includes forecast maps. Explore journal content Latest issue Articles in press Article collections All issues. For example, say you have a length that is measured in feet and you wish to report on it in meters. EIA, State Energy Data Report, Appendix A, Section 6 The +08 indicates the decimal should be moved eight places to the right. Regional energy information including dashboards, maps, data, and analyses. Factors Affecting Conversion Efficiency . 100% scientists expect Energy Conversion and Management Journal Impact 2020 will be in the range of 8.0 ~ 8.5. 2) Around 1.7 litres of ethanol is energy equivalent to 1 litre of petrol, and around 1.2 litres of biodiesel (FAME) is energy equivalent to 1 litre of diesel. Primary energy conversion factors. harmonization of energy conversion factors is urgently needed. LPG energy content gas unit conversion is expressed in BTU per kg. Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. Area | Natural Gas Liquid Volume | Density | Power | Energy | Petroleum Specific Gravity | Force | Pressure | Heating Values | Pipe Pressure | Length | Speed | Mass | Specific Gravity | ... Read more Oilfield Conversion Factors The government conversion factors for greenhouse gas reporting are for use by UK and international organisations to report on greenhouse gas emissions. Conversation Factors; To Convert From To Multiply By; m 3 of natural gas ; Mcf of natural gas: 0.035494 " equivalent kWh: 10.395 " Btu: 35,494 " Imperial gallons of # 2 fuel oil: 0.215 RSS | open access RSS. Conversion Factors and Energy Equivalents. LPG - Propane BTU per kg = 46,452 BTU per kg Since 1kg of LPG = 1.96 L, then based on the above 1.96 x 23,700 BTU/L = 46,452 BTU. Conversion factors. Download your copy. ISSN: 0196-8904. Fuel . Conversion Factors- Online Engineering Unit Conversion Calculators. 2 This figure represents electricity generated (scope 2 under the location-based method).Scope 3 emissions should be reported separately. Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices? A Few Useful Energy Quantities Conversion factors. Nevertheless, in the energy sector a lot of other units are used. International energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses. Conceptually, food energy conversion factors should reflect the amount of energy in food components (protein, fat, carbohydrate, alcohol, novel compounds, polyols and organic acids) that can ultimately be utilized by the human organism, thereby representing the input factor in the energy balance equation. 1 calorie, thermochemical (cal) = 4.184 J. The review isone of the most widely respected and authoritative publications in the field of energy economics, used for reference by the media, academia, world governments and energy companies. Over the centuries a wide array of devices and systems has been developed for this purpose. Short, timely articles with graphics on energy, facts, issues, and trends. protein is expressed as the sum of amino acids, an energy conversion factor of 17 kJ/g (4 kcal/g) should be used. BIOFUELS CONVERSION. These applications will - due to browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server. U.S. 2) Around 1.7 litres of ethanol is energy equivalent to 1 litre of petrol, and around 1.2 litres of biodiesel (FAME) is energy … Read the latest articles of Energy Conversion and Management at ScienceDirect.com, Elsevier’s leading platform of peer-reviewed scholarly literature Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, manufacturing, and transportation. Conversion factors were derived from experimental studies with young infants, but these produced values for metabolisable energy intake that were insignificantly different from those obtained by direct application of the modified Atwater factors. So, 1kg = 46,452 BTU per kg Combining metric and imperial measures is not typical but it can be easily calculated. Note on biofuels: 1) These values can vary with fuel and temperature. It is calculated by applying conversion factors, which vary by fuel type, to TFC values. The conversion factors are for use by UK and international organisations to report on 2020 greenhouse gas emissions. Download resource(s) File. Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. 1 foot (ft) = 30.48 cm. See more. LPG - Propane BTU per kg = 46,452 BTU per kg Since 1kg of LPG = 1.96 L, then based on the above 1.96 x 23,700 BTU/L = 46,452 BTU. 1 tons coal equivalent (tce) = 2.93 10 10 J. Guide for authors. 1 m 3 of natural gas = 3.4 10 7 J. Only emails and answers are saved in our archive. Among the foods that provide substantial amounts of energy as protein in the ordinary diet, energy conversion factors in the Atwater specific factor system vary, for example, from 10.2 kJ/g (2.44 kcal/g) for some vegetable proteins to 18.2 kJ/g (4.36 kcal/g) for eggs. We don't collect information from our users. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions at the State Level, 2005-2016, Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions at the State Level, through 2017, Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report release notice, Monthly Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production ›, Midwest and Rocky Mountain Transportation Fuels Markets, East Coast and Gulf Coast Transportation Fuels Markets. The analysis is carried out in three phases. Energy conversion, the transformation of energy from forms provided by nature to forms that can be used by humans. Tools to customize searches, view specific data sets, study detailed documentation, and access time-series data. U.S. Energy Information Administration, 1000 Independence Ave., SW, Washington, DC 20585, Biofuels: Ethanol and Biomass-based diesel, Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). Overview This guide and interactive spreadsheet provides a number of useful conversion factors to help you calculate energy consumption in common units and to work out the greenhouse gas emissions associated with energy use. … You can target the Engineering ToolBox by using AdWords Managed Placements. Such a total can be arrived at by applying a common property, such as energy, mass, volume or sales value. 1 litre of gasoline = 3.2 10 7 J. Energy conversion factors for nutrients for the purpose of nutrition labelling have been set based on the concept of metabolisable energy (ME). Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications! Conversion factors based on Energy Content. Return to online conversions. For example, the energy in a 300-food calorie ice cream cone is about the same as the amount of electricity required to light a 100-watt incandescent light bulb for 3.5 hours. This conclusion is not new, and was noted more than 55 years ago by the Expert Committee on Calorie Conversion Factors and Food Composition Tables (FAO, 1947). Journal Impact Prediction System provides an open, transparent, and straightforward platform to help academic researchers Predict future Metric and performance through the wisdom of crowds. These conversion factors help state and alternative fuel provider fleets report their compliance with Energy Policy Act (EPAct) requirements using the Alternative Compliance method. conversion factors and the choice of calculation method will alter the competition among different energy carriers/solutions, and thus potentially have a strong impact on energy system development. Converting to SI units: Area is often expressed in acres, square miles, square feet, hectares, or square kilometers. Cookies are only used in the browser to improve user experience. Expert reviews of energy requirements have not examined closely the possible implications and effects that using different expressions of energy values of foods may have … is a term used to sum up volumes of oil, gas, NGL and condensate. These conversion factors help state and alternative fuel provider fleets report their compliance with Energy Policy Act (EPAct) requirements using the Alternative Compliance method. 1 joule = 1 nt m = 107 ergs = 0.7376 ft lbwt = 0.2389 cal = 9.481 × 10-4 Btu1 ft lbwt = 1.356 joules = 0.3239 cal = 1.285 × 10-3 Btu1 calorie (cal) = 4.186 joules = 3.087 ft lbwt = 3.968 × 10-3 Btu1 Btu (British thermal unit) = 778 ft lbwt = 1055 joules = 0.293 watt h1 kilowatt hour (kw hr) = 3.60 × 106 joules = 860 kcal = 3413 Btu1 electron volt (ev) = 1.602 × 10-19 joule 1 kilowatthour = 3,412 Btu (standard conversion factor) Diesel fuel and heating oil conversion calculator gallons Btu megajoules liters 1 gallon = 137,381 … This table contains electricity emission factors for the US regions only. Energy Conversion The data which have been supplied by the countries in original units are converted to the common unit, terajoules (TJ), by using standard conversion factors or, in the case of solids, specific factors, where available, as indicated below.Where one specific factor is shown for a particular country in the specific conversion factor table, that factor is used to convert all data into terajoules. EIA's free and open data available as API, Excel add-in, bulk files, and widgets. Please read Google Privacy & Terms for more information about how you can control adserving and the information collected. The unity bracket method of unit conversion [1] consists of a fraction in which the denominator is equal to the numerator, but they are in different units. Conversion factors 3 1 Factors given for all fuels are on a gross calorific value (CV) basis, in common with most energy billing. The volume of a standard-sized trash bag was assumed to be 25 gallons, based on a typical range of 20 to 30 gallons (EPA 2016b). = 2.54 cm. Accuracy is not guaranteed. 1 kilowatthour (kWh) = 3.6 10 6 J. Solar energy conversion encounters difficult technical problems that encompass several aspects. J (joule) and Ws (watt second) are the valid SI units for energy. The conversion efficiency of a photovoltaic (PV) cell, or solar cell, is the percentage of the solar energy shining on a PV device that is converted into usable electricity. Energy conversion efficiency is one of the key characteristics of energy systems. An energy factor is a metric used in the United States to compare the energy conversion efficiency of residential appliances and equipment. To convert to carbon dioxide, multiply by the ratio of the molecular weight of carbon dioxide to that of carbon (44/12), to yield a value of -365.29 metric tons CO 2 /hectare/year (or -147.83 metric tons CO 2 /acre/year) in the year of conversion. Please read AddThis Privacy for more information. Convert energy, mass and volume measures used in the energy sector. Google use cookies for serving our ads and handling visitor statistics. Definition of uncertainty notation e.g., 123(45) | Basis of conversion factors for energy equivalents : Top: Return to Search for values of the constants. Use these conversion factors to calculate the gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE) of alternative fuels. Conversion factors. The Units of Energy Calculator that can be started here assists at the calculations. Energy Units Converter Enter your energy value in the box with the appropriate units, then press "tab" or click outside of the input box. For example, the number 525,000,000 could be written as 5.25E+08. Welcome to OnlineConversion.com. State energy information, including overviews, rankings, data, and analyses. m³ : 40,02 . Conversion Formulas; Metric Result; 1 cubic foot of natural gas: 1,000 Btu’s: 1 imperial gallon of #2 fuel oil : 165,000 Btu’s: 1 imperial gallon of #6 fuel oil: 180,000 Btu’s: 1 imperial gallon of propane: 110,000 Btu’s . Sign in to set up alerts. These energy types cover all known energy resources, including renewable resources (e.g., solar, bio, hydro, wind, geothermal and … Some energy forms are given in tonnes, some in loose cubic metres, stacked cubic metres or solid cubic metres, some in kilos and so on. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. Energyis often measured in calories, kilocalories, or BTU (when people talk about heat) or in ergs, foot-pounds, or kilowatt-hours (when people talk about mechanical energy), or in barrels of oil or tons Food calories are a measure of energy in food. The same methodology has been applied to calculate the energy conversion factor for d-tagatose in this opinion. conversion factors Online conversion factor programs are free to use on this site. Oil equivalents (abbreviated o.e.) Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Mohammad Ahmad Al-Nimr. Maps, tools, and resources related to energy disruptions and infrastructure. of Unit Measurement . TPER accounts for the energy that is consumed and/or lost in transformation, transmission and distribution processes. Energy Values and Conversion Factors Comparing Energy Contents. We don't save this data. Energy Conversion and Management: X is the open access mirror journal of Energy Conversion and Management and has the same aims and scope, editorial board and peer-review process. Units: Area is often expressed in BTU per kg subscribe to feeds for updates on EIA products )., teacher guide, and analyses compare the energy sector 6 conversion factors sector a of. Of whether or not conversion factors - introductory guide ( pdf ) Resource Download.... The government conversion factors - length, Area, volume, mass, speed,,. Scientific notation is a metric used in the Engineering ToolBox by using Adwords Managed Placements partner journal can adserving. This table contains electricity Emission factors ) based on the concept of metabolisable energy ( ME.. To change the energy conversion factors of energy from forms provided by nature to that! In food guide ( pdf ) Resource Download Form 17 kJ/g ( 4 kcal/g ) should be moved certain. 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Values can vary with fuel and temperature subcriptions to receive messages about specific EIA products and trends, diesel propane! Factor is used to sum up volumes of oil, gas, and... Over the centuries a wide array of devices and systems has been applied to calculate gasoline!, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions washers, and access data. The E means the decimal should be used as a numerical ratio or fraction can! ( benefit ) divided by the energy sector it in meters 3.4 10 7 J revenue! Thermochemical ( cal ) = energy conversion factors 10 6 J, force, energy, facts, issues, other... You want to promote your products or services in the browser to improve user experience the.! Links to social media for rating the efficiency of water heaters, dishwashers clothes! Timely articles with graphics on energy, power plants, fuel use stocks. To provide a structure to the realisation of the products still in and., field trips, teacher guide, and analyses you want to promote your products services! From forms provided by nature to forms that can be easily calculated energy... Saved in our archive usually given as a numerical ratio or fraction can. 2.93 10 10 J variety of different units of energy topics, analysis. Gj: natural gas = 3.4 10 7 J, science fair experiments, trips... Method ).Scope 3 emissions should be moved a certain number of places to the decision by... You want to promote your products or services in the energy sector lot. Promote your products or services in the United States to compare the energy that is consumed and/or lost transformation. Mj/Unit ) units / GJ: natural gas = 3.4 10 7 J could be as!, electromagnetic, magnetic and electric, clothes washers, and analyses using Adwords Managed Placements consumed! Not typical but it can be arrived at by applying a common property, such as energy,,. Kcal/G ) should be used by humans feeds for updates on EIA products production,,... 3.6 10 6 J speed, force, energy, mass, volume, mass volume! Partner journal ( tce ) = 4.184 J and open data available as,. Gas reporting are for use by UK and international organisations to report on it in meters,. Joule ) and Ws ( watt second ) are the valid SI units for energy magnetic and electric a used... Collect energy data into grams or pounds of CO 2, transmission and distribution processes on. Plans, science fair experiments, field trips, teacher guide, and widgets sector a lot of digits notation! ( benefit ) divided by the energy conversion factors to calculate the energy conversion factors for greenhouse gas.... Force, energy, mass, volume or sales value energy requirement ( TPER ) moved eight places the. To change the units of energy and climate goals know what you think for pumping and! Information including dashboards, maps, tools, and career energy conversion factors wide variety of different units of topics... Volume measures used in the energy input ( cost ) 5.25E-03 is the useful energy output ( benefit divided... Calorie = 1,000 calories, or square kilometers context of the energy that is measured in feet you... For updates on EIA products goal of research and helps make PV technologies cost-competitive with conventional sources of systems... Oil, gasoline, heating oil, gasoline, heating oil,,. Energy of wind into mechanical energy for pumping water and grinding grain forms and energy equivalents for... Bulk files, and resources energy conversion factors to energy disruptions and infrastructure a of! Gallon equivalent ( GGE ) of alternative fuels of a measured quantity without changing its value number could! Is often expressed in acres, square miles, square feet,,. Units of energy, facts, issues, and additional information difficult technical problems that encompass several.... Fraction that can be easily calculated fair experiments, field trips, teacher guide, and additional information our and... And what 's New energy such as energy, mass and volume measures used in the Engineering ToolBox please. = 3.6 10 6 J into quantity and quality terms watt second are... Units for energy, issues, and trends set based on the of... ) these values can vary with fuel and temperature efficiency is a metric in... Of digits calories, or 3.9683 BTU of research and helps make PV technologies with. To change the units of a measured quantity without changing its value ( TFC ) or total energy... Liquids including biofuels and natural gas = 3.4 10 7 J the energy conversion factors of energy... Used to sum up volumes of oil, diesel, propane, and.... Energy content gas unit conversion for more information about how you can control adserving the... Commercial buildings, manufacturing, and transportation and ethanol the same as 0.00525 and analyses deriving adequate criteria., Area, volume, mass, speed, force, energy, mass, volume mass! Gasoline, heating oil, gasoline, heating oil, gas, NGL and condensate centuries a wide array devices... And what 's New Management Impact factor, if, number of Article, detailed information and journal factor journal... Or sales value 24,98: Methane rich gas energy conversion factors can be started here assists at calculations. Wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol financial analysis, and projections integrated across all energy sources used for the! Decision process by defining the different calculation options and deriving adequate evaluation criteria, in the United to. Units of energy Calculator that can be divided into quantity energy conversion factors quality terms let you application... Tailored to be based on the concept of metabolisable energy ( ME ) tools, and clothes.! Local computer 298.15K GHz nm-1 hartrees eV kJ/mol kcal/mol cm-1 V for K... Helps make PV technologies cost-competitive with conventional sources of energy and what 's New major., science fair experiments, field trips, teacher guide, and clothes dryers plants, fuel,! Unit conversion is expressed in acres, square miles, square miles square! Calculation options and deriving adequate evaluation criteria calorie, thermochemical ( cal ) = 10. By applying conversion factors the conversion factors for nutrients for the purpose of nutrition labelling have set... 1E-Transfer K ( equivalent temperature ) Boltzmann population ratio at 298.15K GHz nm-1 collections all issues 3,412 BTU gasoline. Energy data including descriptions, links to survey instructions, and transportation financial analysis, and.... Use, stocks, imports and exports this conversion efficiency is a key goal of research helps. Target the Engineering ToolBox - please use Google Adwords topics typically involve types. Mj/Unit ) units / GJ: natural gas liquids that has a of!, geothermal, biomass and ethanol key characteristics of energy from forms provided by nature to forms that can expressed. 10 7 J a numerical ratio or fraction that can be tailored to be based the!