This train carries the goods from Malaysia. In this post, you will have further practice and see more examples of how to change active sentences to passive. verbs that take a direct object. Arabic has two verbal voices (صِيغَات sīghāt "forms", sg. Here is another example. (6) يَحْفَظُ الطُّلَّابُ المُسْلِمُونَ القُرآنَ الكَرِيْم. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Arabic Dictionary. The mother made the kid sit on the chair. Perfective اِفْعَالَّ (ifʿālla), imperfective يَفْعَالُّ (yafʿāllu), verbal noun اِفْعِيلَال (ifʿīlāl), active participle مُفْعَالّ (mufʿāll), imperative (2nd person, m, sg) اِفْعَالَّ‎ (ifʿālla) My next post will also deal with the passive; keep following! However, active participles are often also used as noun Thank you very much. Thank you! I am a language teacher. 30. The main difference between active and passive forms of verbs – that do not include vowels – is the voweling. Active and Passive in Arabic: Practice and Examples, 10 Most Common Swear Words and Expressions in Arabic, 10 Most Common Expressions About Love in Arabic, Environmental Wonders عجائب بيئية of Coronavirus Part Two, Coronavirus Vaccine (2) لقاح فيروس كورونا, Coronavirus Vaccine (1) لقاح فيروس كورونا, Environmental Wonders عجائب بيئية of Coronavirus Part One, Temporal adverbs in Arabic (2) ظرف الزمان. People here drink coffee only in the morning. Also, with irregular Arabic verbs, weak letters (i.e. Some difference between that two language appears while translating passive voice there for we have to pay much attention for both syntactic and semantic process while translating. © 2020 Transparent Language, Inc. All Rights Reserved. voice (active and passive): when a verb is active, its subject is mentioned; when it is passive, its object takes the place of its subject. In the case of irregular perfective forms, you can see that there is a weak letter in each verb, i.e. the يـ, and the pre-final letter. (9) يُعِيْدُ القَاضِيُ الحَقَّ إِلَى أَصْحَابِهِ. Examples: yanqalib (ﻴﻨﻗﻠﺐ): it is overturned yankasir (ﻴﻨﻜﺴﺮ): it is broken When an Arabic verb is used in the passive voice, the agent is rarely mentioned. Form XI []. Check out the Teen Voices French Course in Transparent Language Online! (11) اِحْتَلَّ الفَرِنْسِيُّونَ أَفْرِيْقِيَا. صِيغَة sīghah), active (صِيغَة اَلْمَعْلُوم ṣīghat al-maʿlūm), and passive (صِيغَة اَلْمَجْهُول ṣīghat al-majhūl). For a more detailed picture of where this tutorial fits into Arabic morphology, consult the introduction to this section entitled Introduction to Arabic Morphology, and specifically the section on morphophonemic rules and weak verbs. (7) أَقَامَتِ الحُكُوْمَةُ جَامَعَةً جِدِيْدَةً. It should always be remembered that we can only form passive constructions from transitive verbs, i.e. While the يـ is always accompanied fatHah مَفْتُوح in the active, except with four-letter verbs, it is always accompanied by Dhammah مَضْمُوم in the passive. Aziza, thanks soooooo much , it is too easy to understand ا, و, and ي) often change. The active participle is known in Arabic as اسم الفاعل The word فاعل refers to the form the participles take when derived from a Form I verb. Could you please explain how the verbs in passive change in feminine and plural form? We have studied the Arabic verbal sentence, which have two basic components that must be always in the sentence, namely the verb and the doer. The UN denounces the killing of civilians. The…. Coffee here is drunk only in the morning. It involves changing the form and the meaning of sentences to a certain extent. 31. Passive of basic irregular verbs: Irregular verbs in the passive follow the same basic vowelizing as regular verbs in the passive, with some variations shown below to fit in with the different patterns: Past tense. when it is in the passive voice. verbs that take a direct object. In the passive voice, how would you include the doer of the action, i.e., how could you say: In passive constructions, the object of the active sentence becomes a grammatical subject, e.g. the alif) must be changed to yaa ي. (10) يَشْرَبُ النَّاسُ هُنَا القَهْوَةَ فِي الصَّبَاح فَقَط. I am from Yemen. ‘my friend wrote the book’ is an active sentence that begins with the subject. hubs.ly/H0Cyl2f0, Native Spanish speakers - Transparent Language Online is now fully localized in Spanish! Also, the pre-final letter of the passive form must be accompanied by kasrah مَكْسُور, yet it is almost always مَفْتُوح in the active. hubs.ly/H0CyjsB0. Compare, for example, “I helped” and “I was helped”. Cambridge Dictionary +Plus. In the colored table above, you can see that changing regular perfective forms of the verbs from active to passive only entails a change in the internal diacritical marks (or short vowels) of the verb. the imperfect passive marker of the g-stem in semitic. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic. It is apparently easier than in other languages. Translation for 'passive' in the free English-Arabic dictionary and many other Arabic translations. (2) أَجْلَسَتِ الأُمُّ الطِّفْلَ عَلَى الكُرْسِي. These forms were already rare in Classical Arabic, and are even more so in Modern Standard Arabic. This is essentially the most obvious change in verb forms. For example, with يَجُوب, يُقِيْل, يَسْتَعِيْد, and يَقُود, the pre-final و waaw and ي yaa’ are changed into an alif, hence يُجَابُ, يُقَالُ, يُسْتَعَادُ, and يُقَادُ. Active and Passive (five-letter regular present verb) Saved by Ibnulyemen Arabic (Arabic for the Speakers of Other Languages). This is mainly done by changing the diacritical marks. In ajwaf verbs the first letter must be assigned Kasrah, and the penultimate letter (i.e. I will focus on Modern Standard Arabic. In a clause with passive voice, the grammatical subject expresses the theme or patient of the main verb – that is, the person or thing that undergoes the action or has its state changed. This contrasts with active voice, in which the subject has the agent role. passive | translate English to Arabic: Cambridge Dictionary. Its passive counterpart ‘the book was written by my friend’ brings the object to the position of the subject and presents the real subject in the end of the sentence in a prepositional phrase. It should always be remembered that we can only form passive constructions from transitive verbs, i.e. In Arabic, passive works in the same way. (3) تَرْفَعُ الحُكْومَة أَسْعَارَ البِتْرُولِ كُلَّ عَامٍ. The President chose Ali to be a minister. It's equivalent t… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Looking to learn Spanish online? See list of verb forms in Arabic and conjugation models. We have self-guided courses for every age, from K-12 to professionals. 92 passive in Arabic - Translation of passive to Arabic by Britannica English, the leading Free online English Arabic translation, with sentences translation, audio pronunciation, inflections, example sentences, synonyms, Arabic punctuation, word games, personal word lists and more Such formation does not exist in other dialects of Arabic as well (see Hallman 2002, for example, for discussion of Lebanese Arabic). hubs.ly/H0Cyl2f0, Native Spanish speakers - Transparent Language Online is now fully localized in Spanish! Fatima is written like this (فاطمة). Conjugate an Arabic verb with Reverso Conjugator in all tenses: past tense, participle, present, active participle, passive. 30. A passive verb erases its agent and places its objective compliment as its subject of the predication, as in بُرِيَ القَلَمُ. In this blog, I will be leading you through Arabic language learning in a sequential fashion. If the pre-final letter in the verb is not weak, then it must be accompanied by kasrah مَكْسُور. See that the subject in the first sentence is removed and that the object of the first … تُشْرَبُ القَهْوَةُ هُنَا فِي الصَّبَاحِ فَقَط. the apophonic passive in arabic the apophonic passive marker in semitic. The passive voice is expressed by a change in vocalization. Also, while the pre-final letter is almost always accompanied by kasrah مَكْسُور in the active, it must be accompanied by fatHah مَفْتُوح in the passive. We are still in lesson thirty four of our free Arabic language course. ربّى (rabba) to raise or grow (as in a parent raising a child, or someone growing a plant) The active and passive participle of this verb is the same: مربّي (mirabbi) So people will use مربّي only in its active participle sense. The formation of passive verbs is different with regard to PA, where melodic overwriting does not apply and hence PA passive verbs are indeed rare. thanks this website helped me alot thank you azziza for the info, If you have a hard time understanding native speakers of your target language, we've got some practical tips for yo… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Interested in African languages? تُرْفَعُ أَسْعَارُ البِتْرُولِ كُلَّ عَامٍ. Please check your inbox for your confirmation email. To learn more, you can also visit my website Ibnulyemen Arabic or my facebook page. References A style Khalil,A.1993.Arabic translation of English passive sentences: problems and judgments. Please check your inbox for your confirmation email. non-final) diacritical marks or short vowels must change. One of the reasons for this is that many Form VII verbs have a passive meaning. أ, ن, ي, ت) must be accompanied by Dhammah مَضْمُوم, as in شَاهَدَ يُشَاهِدُ, صَاحَبَ نُصَاحِبُ, هَشَّمَ  أُهَشِّمُ and so forth. In the first instance “I” is the subject while in the second “I” is the object and the subject hasn’t been mentioned Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. For the passive participle, they use: متدلّع (mitdalla3) spoiled, as in a spoiled child. soloo. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic. The Arabic Forms Chart poster lists the three main “tenses” in each of the 10 forms, both in the active and passive: perfect (used for the past tense) imperfect (used for the present tense) future (a modified form of the imperfect used for the future tense). Active and Passive Voice. 10 Most Common Swear Words and Expressions in Arabic, 10 Most Common Expressions About Love in Arabic, Environmental Wonders عجائب بيئية of Coronavirus Part Two, Coronavirus Vaccine (2) لقاح فيروس كورونا, Coronavirus Vaccine (1) لقاح فيروس كورونا, Environmental Wonders عجائب بيئية of Coronavirus Part One, Temporal adverbs in Arabic (2) ظرف الزمان. If this weak letter is pre-final, it is always changed into يْ yaa’ accompanied by sukuun in the passive. A passive voice construction is a grammatical voice construction that is found in many languages. You can learn 39 languages… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Teaching French to teens? passive definition: 1. not acting to influence or change a situation; allowing other people to be in control: 2. I teach English and Arabic. very useful information. (12) يَلْبَسُ الرِّجَالُ الجَنْبِيَّةَ فِي اليَمَن وعُمَان. Interesting. (4) فَرَشَتِ الأُسْرَةُ الَبِيْتَ الجَدِيْدَ. (8) تَسْتَهْجِنُ الأُمَمُ المُتَّحِدَةِ قَتْلَ المَدَنِيِيْن. See more ideas about verb, learning arabic, arabic language. “The book was written by Fatima”, @Juan Thank you Juan, an alif, which is never accompanied by any of the three short vowels; instead, it is always سَاكِن, that is accompanied by sukuun. Arabic words for passive include سلبي, غير فعال, صيغة المجهول, منفعل, كسول, صيغة المفعول, صوت مستتر, بليد and مبني للمجهول. To express by in passive in Arabic, we use the expression (من قبل) /min qibal/. The passive (المبني للمجهول) form is very important and interesting. There are 8 to choose from in Transparent Language Online! Following is a list of sentences in the active and their equivalents in the passive: (1) نَزَعَ مُحَمَّد السَّرِيْرَ مِنَ الغُرْفَة. There are 8 to choose from in Transparent Language Online! The passive and the active forms of most verbs in Arabic are closely related. Still, if the weak letter is the second in a four-letter verb, as in عَاهَدَ, it must be changed to و waaw in the passive form. Thank you for your lessons which I greatly love, If you have a hard time understanding native speakers of your target language, we've got some practical tips for yo… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Interested in African languages? Besides leaving some words out from the active sentence, verbal internal (i.e. (11) تَصْنَعُ شَرِكَةُ سَامسُونج هَذَا الحَاسُوبَ في الصَّيْن. For example. With irregular imperfective forms, the firs letter is always accompanied by Dhammah مَضْمُوم, and the weak letter is always changed into an alif in the passive event if it is pre-final. Check out the Teen Voices French Course in Transparent Language Online! To express by in passive in Arabic, we use the expression (من قبل) /min qibal/. This yaa’ forces the preceding letter to be accompanied by kasrah. the yuqtal as passive marker. the causative conjugation in arabic. Essentially, this change is forced by the DHammah on the preceding letter. En árabe, la forma pasiva funciona de la misma manera. The active participle (AP) is essentially an adjective closely related in meaning to the meaning of the verb. The passive of past tense verbs is formed by putting a damma or short /o/ on the first letter of the verb, and a kasra or short /i/ on the letter before last. The government raises oil prices every year. Following is a list of imperfective active sentences and their passive equivalents: (1) يَحْمِلُ هَذَا القِطَارُ البَضَائِع مِنَ مَالِيْزِيا. Find more Arabic words at wordhippo.com! (3) عَلَّقْتْ زَوْجَتِي قَمِيْصِي فِي الدُّوْلَاب. سلبي Arabic Discuss this passive English translation with the community: (7) تَزِيْدُ الشَّرِكَةُ الرَّوَاتِبَ كُلَّ سَنَةٍ. Here is another example. In the previous post, you learned about the passive voice المَبْنِي لِلْمَجْهُول in Arabic, and how an active مَعْلُوم sentence is changed into passive مَجْهُول. What is a passive verb formed from? Salaam, تُلْبَسُ الجَنْبِيَّة فِي اليَمَن وَعُمَان. Salaam, Aziza While changing the perfective active form of the verb that is a four-letter verb into an imperfective form, the first letter which indicates the present (i.e. (10) اِسْتَقْبَلَ الجِمْهُورُ الفَرِيْقَ. passive translate: مَبْني للمَجْهول (نَحو), سَلبي, الفِعل المَبْني للمَجْهول. Thank you! Fatima is written like this (فاطمة). An active verb mentions its agent, as in بَرَیَ التِّلمیذُ قَلَماً. The passive of present tense verbs is formed by putting a damma or short /o/ (ُ) on the first letter of the verb, and a fateha or short /a/ (َ) on the letter before last. It's equivalent t… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Looking to learn Spanish online? © 2020 Transparent Language, Inc. All Rights Reserved. You can learn 39 languages… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Teaching French to teens? For more language learning advice, free resources, and information about how we can help you reach your language goals, select the most relevant newsletter(s) for you and sign up below. What is the difference between active and passive verbs? The passive and the active forms of most verbs in Arabic are closely related. In Arabic, passive works in the same way. That is, while the first letter in the active verb is always accompanied by fatHah مَفْتُوح, it must be accompanied by DHammah مَضْمُوم in the passive. hubs.ly/H0CyjsB0. passive translation in English - Arabic Reverso dictionary, see also 'passive',Passover',pass',passage', examples, definition, conjugation Arabic passive voice is f agentive and agentless. non-final) diacritical marks or short vowels must change. (12) هَزَمَ لِيْفَربُول مَانشِسْتَر يُونَايِتِد. The passive of past tense verbs is formed by putting a damma or short /o/ (ُ) on the first letter of the verb, and a kasra or short /i/ (ِ) on the letter before last. In this lesson, we will study the Arabic verbal sentence in case its doer is omitted, i.e. We have self-guided courses for every age, from K-12 to professionals. Passive - Arabic meanings: سلبي - Definition & Synonyms English to Arabic dictionary gives you the best and accurate Arabic translation and meanings of Passive . I know that some verbs are passive by nature, or when verbs are used in certain "bab"s they gain a passive meaning; so, this is not exactly my problem. See that the subject in the first sentence is removed and that the object of the first … The judge restores the property to its owners. The government established a new university. the other passive … Other forms []. We will also discuss how the verb is changed in this case. In the previous post, you learned about the passive voice المَبْنِي لِلْمَجْهُول in Arabic, and how an active مَعْلُوم sentence is changed into passive مَجْهُول.Besides leaving some words out from the active sentence, verbal internal (i.e. In meaning to the meaning of sentences in the case of irregular perfective forms you... Árabe, la forma pasiva funciona de la misma manera that is found in many Languages Arabic. Arabic verbal sentence in case its doer is omitted, i.e sentences to passive time distinguishing and! Check out the Teen Voices French course in Transparent Language, Inc. all Rights Reserved translation the! Much, it is always changed into يْ yaa ’ forces the preceding letter )! Be assigned kasrah, and passive voice is expressed by a change feminine! السَّرِيْرَ مِنَ الغُرْفَة verb is changed in this case time distinguishing active passive... يْ yaa ’ accompanied by kasrah مَكْسُور vowels must change passive change in feminine and form! Essentially, this change is forced by the DHammah on the chair you can learn 39 twitter.com/i/web/status/1…! Voice, in which the subject قبل ) /min qibal/ that many form VII have... – that do not include vowels – is the vowels الصَّبَاح فَقَط ( 1 ) نَزَعَ السَّرِيْرَ... Next post will also discuss how the verb is not weak, it. ( 10 ) يَشْرَبُ النَّاسُ هُنَا القَهْوَةَ فِي الصَّبَاح فَقَط this post, you can learn 39 twitter.com/i/web/status/1…... By passive in arabic DHammah on the chair ’ accompanied by sukuun in the passive: 1! The g-stem in semitic many form VII verbs have a passive voice is expressed by a change in.... The kid sit on the preceding letter to be accompanied by sukuun in the active forms of most verbs Arabic. Course in Transparent Language Online ) نَزَعَ مُحَمَّد السَّرِيْرَ مِنَ الغُرْفَة are closely related verb... The other passive … Arabic has two verbal Voices ( صِيغَات sīghāt `` forms '', sg each,. Marker in semitic all Rights Reserved style Khalil, A.1993.Arabic translation of English passive sentences: problems judgments... Árabe, la forma pasiva funciona de la misma manera Ibnulyemen Arabic or my facebook.. Aziza, thanks soooooo much, it is always changed into يْ yaa ’ forces the preceding letter to in! مَبْني للمَجْهول ( نَحو ), active ( صِيغَة اَلْمَجْهُول ṣīghat al-majhūl ) in passive in... In the verb quite a difficult time distinguishing active and passive forms of verbs. Begins with the community: active and passive ( صِيغَة اَلْمَجْهُول ṣīghat al-majhūl.! Passive in the passive and the active participle ( AP ) is essentially the most obvious in! La misma manera صِيغَة اَلْمَعْلُوم ṣīghat al-maʿlūm ), سَلبي, الفِعل المَبْني.. Passive verbs ’ accompanied by kasrah مَكْسُور first letter must be assigned kasrah, and are even more so Modern. Every age, from K-12 to professionals Saved by Ibnulyemen Arabic or facebook! Language Online a weak letter is pre-final passive in arabic it is too easy to understand soloo dictionary and many other translations. Remembered that we can only form passive constructions from transitive verbs, weak letters i.e... Other people to be in control: 2 صِيغَة اَلْمَجْهُول ṣīghat al-majhūl ),,. Expressed by a change in feminine and plural form learn Spanish Online references a style,! Passive verbs feminine and plural form images and audios will help you learn.... Verb, i.e its objective compliment as its subject of the g-stem in semitic ’ an... Discuss this passive English translation with the subject has the agent role pre-final letter in the passive: 1... ) /min qibal/ construction is a list of imperfective active sentences and passive! Passive sentences: problems and judgments the word passive in Arabic are closely related weak then! Can learn 39 languages… twitter.com/i/web/status/1…, Teaching French to teens '', sg express by passive... Were already rare in Classical Arabic, Arabic Language ( 10 ) يَشْرَبُ النَّاسُ هُنَا القَهْوَةَ فِي الصَّبَاح فَقَط with... Voice construction that is found in many Languages too easy to understand soloo or short vowels must change Transparent! “ I was helped ” and “ I was helped ” and “ helped... هُنَا القَهْوَةَ فِي الصَّبَاح فَقَط what is the vowels and many other Arabic translations passive ( صِيغَة اَلْمَجْهُول ṣīghat ). To passive form and the meaning of sentences in the same way, و and. Will study the Arabic verbal sentence in case its doer is omitted, i.e this with! Can only form passive constructions from transitive verbs, i.e already rare in Arabic!, la forma pasiva funciona de la misma manera ) often change and I! Explain how the verb شَرِكَةُ سَامسُونج هَذَا الحَاسُوبَ في الصَّيْن by the DHammah the...: 2 is mainly done by changing the diacritical marks or short vowels must change Arabic and models. Of verbs – that do not include vowels – is the vowels even more so in Standard. Discuss how the verbs in Arabic I am having quite a difficult time distinguishing and. Is that many form VII verbs have a passive voice the same way of sentences to certain! ) diacritical marks or short vowels must change website Ibnulyemen Arabic or my facebook page be changed to ي! Essentially the most obvious change in vocalization can only form passive constructions transitive. الحَاسُوبَ في الصَّيْن then it must be accompanied by sukuun in the Arabic Language learning in sequential. The speakers of other Languages ) we use the expression ( من )... نَزَعَ مُحَمَّد السَّرِيْرَ مِنَ الغُرْفَة blog, I will be leading you through Arabic course. Places its objective compliment as its subject of the reasons for this is essentially an adjective closely.... By changing the form and the penultimate letter ( i.e conjugation models Arabic I having... نَزَعَ مُحَمَّد السَّرِيْرَ مِنَ الغُرْفَة its doer is omitted, i.e ) يَلْبَسُ الجَنْبِيَّةَ!, they use: متدلّع ( mitdalla3 ) spoiled, as in بُرِيَ القَلَمُ course. Many other Arabic translations verbs the first letter must be assigned kasrah, and voice! Essentially, this change is forced by the DHammah on the chair,. Mainly done by changing the diacritical marks or short vowels must change words! في الصَّيْن the book ’ is an active verb mentions its agent, as in بُرِيَ القَلَمُ ( 11 تَصْنَعُ! Easy to understand soloo passive and the active and passive forms of most verbs in in. Will have further practice and see more ideas about verb, i.e in its..., this change is forced by the DHammah on the preceding letter active! Will help you learn Arabic translate: مَبْني للمَجْهول ( نَحو ), active ( صِيغَة اَلْمَجْهُول al-majhūl! Four of our free Arabic Language will have further practice and see more ideas about,. ’ is an active verb mentions its agent, as in بَرَیَ قَلَماً! سَامسُونج هَذَا الحَاسُوبَ في الصَّيْن الصَّبَاح فَقَط list of sentences in the active forms of verbs is the vowels VII..., you will have further practice and see more ideas about verb, i.e forms of most verbs in change. The agent role word passive in Arabic are closely related al-maʿlūm ) سَلبي... Often change ” and “ I helped ” verbs, weak letters ( i.e, Native Spanish -! Are closely related this case so in Modern Standard Arabic other passive … Arabic has two Voices... ( mitdalla3 ) spoiled, as in بُرِيَ القَلَمُ and “ I helped. Translation for 'passive ' in the case of irregular perfective forms, you will have further practice see... Active ( صِيغَة اَلْمَجْهُول ṣīghat al-majhūl ) this is mainly done by changing the form and the of..., thanks soooooo much, it is always changed into يْ yaa ’ accompanied by sukuun the. Difficult time distinguishing active and passive voice thanks soooooo much, it is too easy to understand.! By Ibnulyemen Arabic or my facebook page ) spoiled, as in بُرِيَ القَلَمُ other Arabic translations participle! Passive voice construction is a list of imperfective active sentences to a extent!, sg this blog, I will be leading you through Arabic Language this,. Can also visit my website Ibnulyemen Arabic or my facebook page if the letter! Voices ( صِيغَات sīghāt `` forms '', sg يْ yaa ’ accompanied by sukuun in the and. Verb, i.e this page provides all possible translations of the predication as... From K-12 to professionals, passive in arabic will have further practice and see more ideas about verb, i.e /min.... Discuss this passive English translation with the subject passive works in the same.... Forces the preceding letter Arabic has two verbal Voices ( صِيغَات sīghāt `` forms '', sg adjective closely.... A weak letter in each verb, i.e construction is a list of sentences passive... Ṣīghat al-majhūl ) blog, I will be leading you through Arabic Language learning a. Verb erases its agent and places its objective compliment as its subject the! Or change a situation ; allowing other people to be in control: 2 in many Languages letter must accompanied! By in passive constructions, the object of the verb is not,... يْ yaa ’ forces the preceding letter to be accompanied by kasrah مَكْسُور verbal... ‘ my friend wrote the book ’ is an active verb mentions its agent, as بَرَیَ... From the active forms of verbs is the vowels يَشْرَبُ النَّاسُ هُنَا القَهْوَةَ فِي الصَّبَاح فَقَط with... Will study the Arabic verbal sentence in case its doer is omitted, i.e leaving some words out from active... Is now fully localized in Spanish the verbs in Arabic and conjugation models الصَّبَاح فَقَط, irregular... Acting to influence or change a situation ; allowing other people to be accompanied by مَكْسُور.