Lolium multiflorum is the scientific name for annual ryegrass while Lolium perenne is the scientific name for the perennial ryegrass. Preferred Scientific Name. NOTE: Italian ryegrass (annual type) Cultivars of annual type Italian ryegrass are listed separately in the annualryegrass fact sheet NOTE: Hybrid ryegrass (long-lived type) Classed technically as hybrid ryegras… Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/ryegrass, The Spruce - Annual Ryegrass Plant Information, United States Department of Agriculture - Ryegrass, rye grass - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The flower spikelets grow in the angles of a zigzag rachis (flower stem). The ergot body drops to the ground with the seed, lies dormant through the winter and produces millions of spores in the spring. It is found throughout California to about 3300 feet (1000 m), except in deserts and the Great Basin and inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed places. Preferred Scientific Name. Sowing/planting rates as single species Pasture: 25-30 kg/ha (diploid cultivars); 20-40 (4n) Lawn: 1-2 kg/100 sqm Parks, rehabilitation or revegetation single species: 75 kg to 100 kg per hectare. The plant is often infected with a poisonous fungus (Neotyphodium species) that can be dangerous to grazing animals. Lolium is a genus of tufted grasses in the bluegrass subfamily of the grass family. Several former Lolium species now regarded as part of other genera: Castellia, Enteropogon, × Festulolium, Hainardia, Lepturus, Melica, and Vulpia. Lolium perenne var. Lolium italicum A. Braun; International Common Names. [1], Lolium contains some species which are important grasses for lawns, and as pasture and for grazing and hay for livestock, being a highly nutritious stock feed. Lolium contains some species which are important grasses for lawns, and as pasture and for grazing and hay for livestock, being a highly nutritious stock feed. perennial ryegrass; International Common Names. Lolium perenne (Table 1) Lolium x boucheanumKunth (Table 2) - Refer Hybrid ryegrass fact sheet for details re description etc. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. (1779) Preferred Common Name. This clump forming grass spreads by seed and has a fibrous root system. [15], World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Horticulture Hotline: To rye or not to rye - it's that lawn season again", Linnaeus, Carl von. Ryegrasses are naturally diploid, with 2n=14, and are closely related to the fescues (Festuca).[5][6][7][8]. Common Name: Crimson Clover Scientific Name: Trifolium incarnatum Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. Lolium perenne var. The common name of this plant in Spanish is raigrás italiano. Annual ryegrass (L. rigidum) is one of the most serious and costly weeds of cropping systems in southern Australia, and herbicide resistance is a frequent problem. Plant Characteristics. Like many cool-season grasses of the Poaceae, it harbors a symbiotic fungal endophyte, either Epichloë or its close relative Neotyphodium, both of which are members of the fungal family Clavicipitaceae. Lolium perenne ssp. It often becomes naturalised in agricultural areas, along roadsides and near habitation, but also invades a wide variety of natural habitats. Italian ryegrass and perennial ryegrass can hybridize, result… Festuca perennis is the legitimate scientific name for annual ryegrass. Scientific Name: Perennial Lolium Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae; Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiosperms Class: Monocotyledonae How to Plant Ryegrass. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Annual - Less than one year Italian - 1-2 years Short rotation - 2-5 years Perennial- 5 years 1. The most important cultivated temperate grasses. Corrections? The ergot of ryegrass (Lolium spp.) Cereal ryegrass germinates at temperatures as low as 34° F, is also drought-resistant, and flourishes in light soils, where most ryegrasses have problems growing. English: English ryegrass; Italian ryegrass; perennial rye grass; Spanish: ballico perenne; raigras ingles; vallico; French: ivraie vivace; ray-grass anglais; Portuguese: azevem-vivaz; gazao Italian Rye Grass Lolium multiflorum Grass family (Poaceae) Description: This grass is usually an annual, although sometimes it is a biennial or short-lived perennial. Italian ryegrass; Other Scientific Names. Ryegrass is ideally sown in late summer or spring. Ryegrasses are also used in soil erosion control programs. Ryegrass, (genus Lolium), genus of about 10 species of grass in the family Poaceae. As the name suggests, annual ryegrass is a short-lived grass used to provide quick color, short-term erosion control or temporary stability for a single season. Subordinate Taxa. A number of species are grown as forage and lawn grasses in temperate Eurasia and Africa, and both perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and annual ryegrass (L. multiflorum) are important constituents of pasture and lawn-seed mixtures used around the world. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Often sown in mixtures with white clover. The scientific name of Perennial Ryegrass is the botanical name or formal name. Lolium perenne L. – perennial ryegrass. Annual ryegrass is hairless and has bright green, narrow leaves. Lolium multiflorum Lam. The scientific name of Perennial ryegrass is Lolium Perenne, and the scientific name of annual ryegrass is Lolium Multiflorum. Grasses: Hybrid ryegrass. Naturalised in all Australian States. is a fungal body or sclerotium often found in many cereal grasses. Italian ryegrass (biennial type) 1. The different kinds have different uses. Omissions? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This species is grown as a pasture grass and is also deliberately planted in recreation areas in the temperate regions of Australia. Darnel (L. temulentum), also known as poison ryegrass or tare, is considered a noxious weed in many areas. It is native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa, but is widely cultivated and naturalised around the world. Ryegrasses can be annuals or perennials. In the Gulf Coast regions, reason productivity can be expected from November to May. The inflorescence (flowering stems) are flat and up to 300mm in length. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Lolium perenne. Name: Ryegrass - Annual (Lolium rigidum) Description: Annual self-regenerating aggressive winter-spring growing ryegrass. Lolium multiflorum . Ryegrass varies from the most persistent (perennial ryegrass) to the least persistent (annual ryegrass) and can be broadly categorised by how long they live or persist. [3][4] It is often called ryegrass, but this term is sometimes used to refer to grasses in other genera. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Annual ryegrass is used mainly for pastures. Annual ryegrass is also called Italian ryegrass and is closely related to perennial ryegrasses. Updates? There is a large range of cultivars. Italicum . [13][14] Annual Ryegrass and Perennial ryegrass are very important for forage production or livestock production. It is the principal grazing grass in New Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified seed are produced every year. Ryegrass should not be confused with rye, which is a grain crop. The plants are unrelated to cereal rye (Secale cereale). 1753. Common Name: Red Clover Scientific Name: Trifolium pratense Family: Fabaceae Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is regarded as a serious threat to one or more natural vegetation formations i… Sow at 20-25kg/ha alone or 5-15kg/ha as part of a mix. Annual ryegrass toxicity, ergot and herbicide resistance can be a problem with this species. Phantom Annual Ryegrass. There is a large range of cultivars. Habit. There's more than one kind of ryegrass; in fact, three different types of grasses contain \"rye\" in their names. Glyphosate-resistant Lolium has been reported from Mississippi in 2006. Both names essentially mean the same thing, and there really isn’t that much more to say about the name. Plant Characteristics. Native to Annual ryegrass is native to Southern Europe while perennial ryegrass is native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. multiflorum. Lolium perenne, common name perennial ryegrass, English ryegrass, winter ryegrass, or ray grass, is a grass from the family Poaceae. Diploid ryegrass has a relatively small seed compared to tetraploid ryegrass and may be sown at a lighter rate. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. multiflorumor Lolium multiflorum) is an annual in the grass family (Poaceae). Bright green, narrow leaves perenne ( Table 1 ) Lolium x boucheanumKunth Table... Aggressive winter-spring growing ryegrass the leaves are shiny, especially on the upper surface and a! Variety of natural habitats the plants have extensive root systems and are useful for erosion control to. In mixtures 15-25 kg/ha ( diploid cultivars ) ; 20-40 ( 4n ) as. 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