Benedict put the **** in Benedict -- - - -- he was a prolific sort as were just about every male member of his family and there are many Arnolds to this day who can claim to be descended from one of the many branches of the family. He traveled extensively in the course of his business throughout New England and from Quebec to the West Indies, often in command of one of his own ships. [7] In December 1780, he led a force of 1,600 troops into Virginia under orders from Clinton, where he captured Richmond by surprise and then went on a rampage through Virginia, destroying supply houses, foundries, and mills. "Whom Can We Trust Now? "[147] The victory monument at Saratoga has four niches, three of which are occupied by statues of Generals Gates, Schuyler, and Morgan. Phillips led further raids across Virginia, including a defeat of Baron von Steuben at Petersburg, but he died of fever on 12 May 1781. He began systematically weakening the fort’s defenses, refusing to order necessary repairs and draining its supplies. Benedict Arnold was an American Revolutionary War general best known for his defection from the Continental Army to the British side of the conflict in 1780. His mother had been a prosperous widow before marrying Arnold's father, a merchant. After the usual exchange of greetings … I ventured to request from him some letters of introduction to his friends in America. Benedict Arnold, a prominent U.S. army officer, secretly arranged with British Major John Andre to hand over West Point to the British. [11] His apprenticeship with the Lathrops lasted seven years. A Benedict Arnold is a traitor, someone who has been revered or been elevated to a place of trust and has betrayed that trust. [43] Amid negotiations over that issue, Arnold wrote out a letter of resignation on 11 July, the same day that word arrived in Philadelphia that Fort Ticonderoga had fallen to the British. He died on June 14, 1801, at the age of 60, and was buried at St. Mary’s Church in Battersea, London. While this is the case, no power in this country could suddenly place you in the situation you aim at under the East India Company. Arnold wanted to attack. "[116] George Johnstone turned him down for a position in the East India Company and explained: "Although I am satisfied with the purity of your conduct, the generality do not think so. Benedict's father was a successful businessman, but began to drink and soon lost his entire fortune. [108] He also wrote in the letter to Washington requesting safe passage for Peggy: "Love to my country actuates my present conduct, however it may appear inconsistent to the world, who very seldom judge right of any man's actions."[105]. He received a colonel's commission in the Continental Army for this expedition and left Cambridge in September 1775 with 1,100 men. [146], The Boot Monument at Saratoga National Historical Park pays tribute to Arnold but does not mention his name. [39], General Washington assigned Arnold to the defense of Rhode Island following the British seizure of Newport in December 1776, where the militia were too poorly equipped to even consider an attack on the British. Does benedict hold the name for greatest leader of all time or traitor? [91], On 30 August, Arnold sent a letter accepting Clinton's terms and proposing a meeting to André through yet another intermediary: William Heron, a member of the Connecticut Assembly whom he thought he could trust. [114] He renewed that request when he learned of the surrender, which Clinton then granted. Thereafter his name became an epithet for traitor in the United States. He presided over the rear of the Continental Army during its retreat from Saint-Jean, where he was reported by James Wilkinson to be the last person to leave before the British arrived. Peggy Shippen, wife of the infamous traitor Benedict Arnold, conspired with her husband to undermine the American colonists’ fight for independence from Great Britain. Information and translations of benedict arnold in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. OP - How did Benedict Arnold die? Congress investigated his accounts, however, and concluded that he was indebted to Congress, and he borrowed heavily to maintain a lavish lifestyle. Many historians point to her as facilitating Arnold's plans to switch sides; he opened secret negotiations with André, and Peggy relayed the messages. AD 1781, when the British, under the command of the Traitor Benedict Arnold, burnt the towns of New London and Groton and spread desolation and woe throughout the region. [135], Talleyrand continued, "I must confess that I felt much pity for him, for which political puritans will perhaps blame me, but with which I do not reproach myself, for I witnessed his agony". As a teenager, Arnold's family faced financial hardship. During the summer of 1778, he met Peggy Shippen, the 18-year-old daughter of Judge Edward Shippen (III), a Loyalist sympathizer who had done business with the British while they occupied the city;[58] Peggy had been courted by British Major John André during the British occupation of Philadelphia. The French had besieged Fort William Henry in northeastern New York, and their Indian allies had committed atrocities after their victory. Congress restored Arnold's command seniority in response to his valor at Saratoga. Had he become America's most notorious traitor. Frustrated by the lack of recognition, he subsequently switched sides to the British and plotted the surrender of West Point. [42], Arnold was on his way to Philadelphia to discuss his future when he was alerted that a British force was marching toward a supply depot in Danbury, Connecticut. Arnold benefited from his relationship with Mansfield, who became a partner in his business and used his position as sheriff to shield him from creditors. Originated from the American general during the Revolutionary War whom switched to the British side of the war after being past over by congress for a promotion. Meaning of benedict arnold. [90], Once Arnold established himself at West Point, he began systematically weakening its defenses and military strength. With Angela Lansbury, Julie Adams, Brian Bedford, Tom Bosley. He was on his way home from Ticonderoga when he learned that his wife had died earlier in June. In May 1779, Arnold secretly contacted British General Henry Clinton to discuss the possibility of switching his allegiance back to the Crown. Arnold soon began openly fighting for the British. [129] As a result of a clerical error in the parish records, his remains were removed to an unmarked mass grave during church renovations a century later. This meeting was thwarted when British gunboats in the river fired on his boat, not being informed of his impending arrival. [27], On 22 February 1767, Arnold married Margaret Mansfield, daughter of Samuel Mansfield, the sheriff of New Haven and a fellow member in the local Masonic Lodge. [a][7] He led British forces in the Raid of Richmond and nearby areas, and they burned much of New London, Connecticut, to the ground and slaughtered surrendering forces after the Battle of Groton Heights—just a few miles downriver from the town where he had grown up. Like his father, he could be violent and headstrong, and twice he directly defied him by taking up a commission in the British army, even spending two years in France as a prisoner of war. Like his father, he could be violent and headstrong, and twice he directly defied him by taking up a commission in the British army, even … [4] Arnold was buried at St. Mary's Church, Battersea in London, England. Returning home after the battle, he learned that his wife had died earlier in the month. [28] Margaret died on 19 June 1775, while Arnold was at Fort Ticonderoga following its capture. He died in London, United Kingdom on June 14, 1801. Although he was paid well for his services, he was never fully trusted by the British and was passed over for important military commands. Word of the siege's disastrous outcome led the company to turn around, and Arnold served for only 13 days. [102][103] Upon receiving Jameson's message, however, he learned that Jameson had sent Washington the papers which André was carrying. André was hanged at Tappan, New York, on October 2. On 25 August, Peggy finally delivered to him Clinton's agreement to the terms. On 12 July, he wrote again, making explicit the offer to surrender West Point, although his price rose to £20,000[a] (in addition to indemnification for his losses), with a £1,000[a] down payment to be delivered with the response. Arnold was born in Connecticut and was a merchant operating ships on the Atlantic Ocean when the war began in 1775. He was apprenticed to a pharmacist relative; his mother died four years later. The Portrayal of Benedict Arnold in American History", Saratoga National Historical Park – Tour Stop 7, The New England Register 1880, pp. Unfortunately, his commanding officer, general Horatio Gates, received most of the credit for Arnold's victories. [98] They found the papers exposing the plot to capture West Point and passed them on to their superiors,[99] but André convinced the unsuspecting Colonel John Jameson, to whom he was delivered, to send him back to Arnold at West Point—but he never reached West Point. His subordinates, some long-time associates, grumbled about Arnold's unnecessary distribution of supplies and eventually concluded that he was selling them on the black market for personal gain. [115], In London, Arnold aligned himself with the Tories, advising Germain and King George III to renew the fight against the Americans. He also began to insist on a face-to-face meeting, and suggested to Arnold that he pursue another high-level command. Arnold was passed over but not pacified. Benedict Arnold was born in Norwich, Connecticut, on January 14, 1741. The marriage brought him the social status he craved, but not the wealth to match it. He engaged in a variety of business deals designed to profit from war-related supply movements and benefiting from the protection of his authority. He became part of the Sons of Liberty and was the captain of the New Haven one. The British gave Arnold a brigadier general's commission with an annual income of several hundred pounds, but they paid him only £6,315 plus an annual pension of £360[a] for his defection because his plot had failed. Benedict Arnold, (born January 14, 1741, Norwich, Connecticut [U.S.]—died June 14, 1801, London, England), patriot officer who served the cause of the American Revolution until 1779, when he shifted his allegiance to the British. The idiom Benedict Arnold is an American term and has been in use since shortly after the Revolutionary War. [37] However, an acrimonious dispute with Moses Hazen, commander of the 2nd Canadian Regiment, boiled into Hazen's court martial at Ticonderoga during the summer of 1776. [61] Some of this communication was effected through the services of Joseph Stansbury, a Philadelphia merchant.[62]. He was brought up on charges and court-martialed in May 1779. 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